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The liability to pay compensation that freight acts as agent
From;  Author:Stand originally
The compensatory principle that general provision team still sets goods acting consortium by two respects: It is principle of liability to pay compensation, 2 it is limitation of liability to pay compensation.

1, principle of liability to pay compensation


Consignee is closing to discover to goods goods destroys break or damage, can prove to should destroy break or be being damaged is by freight agent error is caused, raise claim for compensation to goods generation namely, usually, claim for compensation informs after putting forward not to exceed goods to arrive how many days, otherwise, already fulfilled delivery obligation as goods generation. Goods generation compensates for a principle basically:


1) if goods hands over the market price of the place or current price and invoice amount by the difference, but cannot define its difference again, press invoice amount compensation.


2) to antique, without real value goods of other and special value, do not grant to compensate for. (unless made special statement pay corresponding fee)


3) the team also lives lawfully taxation of the goods freight of stigmatize type, custom, and other charge is in charge of compensating for. But do not recoup further loss.


4) destroy to the part of goods break or damage compensate for in proportion.


5) if goods is in,answer delivery day still is consign inside how many days, make delivery of incur loss through delay, goods generation should recoup the because of incur loss through delay immediate consequence that causes possibly and reasonable cost.


2, limitation of liability to pay compensation


Look from existing international convention, some uses the compensatory method of single standard, some uses the compensatory method of double standard, likewise such to international freight compensates for a method procuratorially to also answer, but effective way is differ, difference is bigger.


The 6th The basic knowledge of freight representative business


Freight acts as agent, should hep how to choose proper marine carrier or carriage means, provide a service effectively to its client.


Freight representative needs hep scope of business, include the content of following respects:


Marine and geographical common sense


① should ground of the position with the main line of hep world trade, located haven, have a change of luck and inland distribution centre;


② understands the mode of international trade to reach its to develop a tendency, the flow direction of goods.


The type of carriage means


World shipping market has 4 kinds of carriage kind, regular ship consortium is carried, consortium of blame regular ship is carried, the carrier that do not have a boat is carried, nonsked boat is carried.


Regular ship consortium is the organization that expresses the regular ship company that pursues battalion carry on specific line by booked sailing date, have collective cost to lead a list, hang fixedly rely on harbor. System of regular ship consortium to the consignor, the freight rate that has stability, periodic carries the benefit such as the service, but freight is led normally taller.
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